Description of the Procedure
You will be connected to a ventilator. This is a machine that moves air in and out of your lungs. Next, several keyhole openings will be cut in the chest wall between the ribs. One or more chest tubes may be placed into the side of the chest. These tubes will be used to drain fluid and monitor air leakage. A needle may be used to inject carbon dioxide gas into the chest cavity. The gas will make it easier for internal structures to be viewed.
A small camera, called an endoscope, will be passed through one of the incisions. The camera will light, magnify, and project the structures onto a video screen. The camera will be attached to one of the robotic arms. The other arms will hold instruments for grasping, cutting, dissecting, and suturing. These may include:
While sitting at a console near the operating table, the doctor will use lenses to look at magnified 3D images of the inside of the body. Another doctor will stay by the table to adjust the camera and tools. With joystick-like controls and foot pedals, the doctor will guide the robotic arms and tools to remove organs and tissue. After the tools are removed, the doctor will use sutures or staples to close the surgical area.
At the Hospital
While you are recovering at the hospital, you may receive the following care:
- Assistance sitting up and moving around soon after surgery
- Instructions on what you should eat and how to restrict your activity
- Nutrition through an IV or feeding tube in the days after surgery; you will gradually progress from a liquid to a solid diet
- Directions on how to do deep breathing and coughing exercises
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
- Take antibiotics to prevent infection if instructed.
- Avoid certain medicines.
- Resume normal activities. This will promote healing.
- Wash the incisions with mild soap and water.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
- Limit certain activities, such as driving, working, doing strenuous exercise, until you have recovered.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
Depending on the procedure, you should recover within a few weeks.