How is heart disease treated in those with diabetes?
Treatment of heart disease in those with diabetes ranges from lifestyle changes to medications to revascularization, depending on the severity of the heart disease.
Treatments may include:
- Aspirin therapy to reduce the risk of blood clots and strokes.
- Changes in diet, including more fruits, vegetables, fiber and fish.
- Exercise and weight loss to improve blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
- Medications, including those for blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Revascularization ( re-establishment of adequate blood flow within the artery), including angioplasty to open clogged arteries with a balloon or stent or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) based on individual patient characteristics.