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Wine Consumption and Risk of Hip Fracture

Posted 10/17/2013

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  With or without a history of breast cancer, as we age, the risk of falling and fracturing a hip becomes a worry. I suspect that this is one reason that many older people choose to move to warm climates and eliminate the ice issue. As you know, it's not so much the hip fracture per say that is the real crisis, but that the fracture and (usually) necessary surgery so often seem to begin a cascading series of serious health events. Well, here is some good news.

  From the ongoing Womens Health Initiative comes this report that women who are regular wine drinkers (as compared to non-drinkers and those who drink something else) have a significantly lower risk of hip fractures. For us, this may be even better news as we are aware the the AIs weaken bones. Here is the abstract and a link to read more:

Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women
Jessica T Kubo1*, Marcia L Stefanick2, John Robbins3, Jean Wactawski-Wende4, Mark R Cullen5,
Matthew Freiberg6 and Manisha Desai1

Abstract
Background: Past studies of relationships between alcohol and hip fracture have generally focused on total alcohol consumed and not type of alcohol. Different types of alcohol consist of varying components which may affect risk of hip fracture differentially. This study seeks to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption, with a focus on type of alcohol consumed (e.g. beer, wine, or hard liquor) and hip fracture risk in post-menopausal women.
Methods: The longitudinal cohort consisted of U.S. post-menopausal women aged 50–79 years enrolled between 1993–1998 in the Women’s Health Initiative Clinical Trials and Observational Study (N=115,655).
Results: Women were categorized as non-drinkers, past drinkers, infrequent drinkers and drinkers by preference of alcohol type (i.e. those who preferred wine, beer, hard liquor, or who had no strong preference). Mean alcohol consumption among current drinkers was 3.3 servings per week; this was similar among those who preferred wine, beer and liquor. After adjustment for potential confounders, alcohol preference was strongly correlated with hip fracture risk (p = 0.0167); in particular, women who preferred wine were at lower risk than non-drinkers (OR=0.78; 95% CI 0.64-0.95), past drinkers (OR=0.85; 95% CI 0.72-1.00), infrequent drinkers (OR=0.73; 95% CI 0.61-0.88), hard liquor drinkers (OR=0.87; 95% CI 0.71-1.06), beer drinkers (OR=0.72; 95% CI 0.55-0.95) and those with no strong preference (OR=0.89; 95% CI 0.89; 95% CI 0.73-1.10).
Conclusions: Preference of alcohol type was associated with hip fracture; women who preferentially consumed wine had a lower risk of hip fracture compared to non-drinkers, past drinkers, and those with other alcohol preferences.

 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/13/36/abstract

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